Category: Residential
Principal Architect: Liu Xiaodu, Meng Yan

Project Architect: Li Da, Yin Yujun
Team: Huang Zhiyi, Li Hui, Cheng Yun, Huang Xu, Zuo Lei, Ding Yu, Wei Zhijiao, Li jing, Wang Yajuan, Zheng Yan, Shen Yandan | Zhu Jialin (Technical Director)

 

Tulou is a dwelling type unique to the the Hakka people. It is a communal residence between the city and the countryside, integrating living, storage, shopping, religion, and public entertainment into one single building entity.

Traditional units in tulou are evenly laid out along its perimeter, like modern slab-style dormitory buildings, but with greater opportunities for social interaction. By introducing a “new tulou” to modern cities and by carefully experimenting its form and economy, one can transcend the conventional modular dwelling into urban design. Our experiments explored ways to stitch the tulou within the existing urban fabric, which includes green areas, overpasses, expressways, and residual land left over by urbanization. The cost of residual sites is low due to incentives provided by the government; this is an important factor for the development of affordable housing. The close proximity of each tulou building helps insulate the users from the chaos and noise of the outside environment, while creating an intimate and comfortable environment inside.

Integrating the living culture of traditional Hakka tulou buildings with affordable housing is not only an academic issue, but also implies a more important yet realistic social phenomenon. The living conditions of impoverished people is now gaining more public attention.

The research of tulou dwelling is characterized by comprehensive analyses ranging from theoretical hypothesis to practical experimentation. The study examined the size, space patterns, and functions of tulou. The new programs also inject new urban elements to the traditional style, while balancing the tension between these two paradigms. As a consequence of such comprehensive research, the tulou project has accumulated layers of experiences in various aspects. The project provided a platform for an in-depth discussion on feasibilities and possibilites of contextualizing the variable metamorphoses of traditional dwelling modules with an urban reality. It also introduced a series of publications and forums on future hypothetical designs for a “new tulou project”. The logic and design process of the tulou program set up a solid foundation and excellent precedent for translating research-based feasibility studies to design realization.

 

Credits and Data:

Project Location: Xunfengzhou Rd., Nanhai, Guangdong
Project Period: 2005-2008
Project Status: Completed
Site Area: 9,141㎡
Total Floor Area: 13,711㎡

Client: Shenzhen Vanke Real Estate Co., Ltd.
Interior Design Collaborator: Guoqun Studio
LDI Collaborator: Archilier Architecture LLC
Logo design Collaborator: Huangyang Design
Photographer: Yang Chaoying

key words:collective housing, courtyard, affordable house, tulou, corridor

 

Videos:
都市實踐.生活在土樓_2.優酷視頻網站.2015.11
都市實踐.Living in tulou.優酷視頻網站.2015.11
都市實踐.未來土樓 FutureTulou.優酷視頻網站.2015.11

 

Publications:
Aga Khan Award for Architecture Shortlisted Project: Award Cycle
MoMA collection: Tulou Collective Housing, Nanhai, Guandong, China
Na Fu. Evolving Rural Typologies for Rapidly Growing Cities: Urbanus’s Work Towards Inclusive Communities.Architectural Design.2018(04):70-77
Corriere della Sera.Social Housing issue – Tulou Collective Housing.2018:74-79
小山謙太郎.集合住宅.朝日新聞Globe??ㄈ瘴模?015(04)
張利.土樓公舍.世界建筑2015(03) :122-123
Oswald, F. (2013). “Wallinstead of air conditioner” in GAM, Architecture Magazine, 9
張國嵐.劉曉都的城市實踐.area域(第13輯).2011.08
李程,劉曉都.“都市實踐——城市更新、共生、公共空間、城市廉租住宅、文脈”. Domus China. 2010.03:152-177
“設計的立場”三地巡回展.M.style創意.2010.03:74
Laurence Liauw. “Tulou Wohnkommune in Naihai,Provinz Guangzhou”. Bauwelt. 2010.02:20-25
都市實踐.“介入城市——給城市公共空間重注活力的‘城市填空’計劃”.思考再織城市.2010.02:130-131
葛麗麗.從“心造展”看中國建筑10年.繽紛Space.2010.01:99-100
15 Housing project from hell.oobject.2009
Urbanus.HoCo -Density Housing Construction & Costs. a+t Density series. 2009:128-143
a+t. Spanish: Gaficas Sntamaria Press. 2009.09
Tulou Housing Guangzhou / URBANUS Architects by Iwan Baan. Archdaily. June 08, 2009
Calzavara, M. “Cerchiodella vita” in la Repubblicadelle Donne, May 16, 2009 [in Italian]
Tulou affordable housing project in China / Urbanus. Archdaily. April 11, 2009
solos: tulou/affordable housing for china. Designboom. April 05, 2009
都市實踐.保安、保姆、保潔–三保住宅. A住·Abitare. 2009(4): 80-91
Laurence Liauw.“Urban Dwelling Guangzhou”. domus. 2009(03):64-69
Laurence Liauw. “Urbanus Tulou-A New Collective Chinese Urban Type”. Architecture ASIA. 2009.03:16-23
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饒小軍.“優勝獎:土樓公舍”. W+A. 2009.02:18-29
鄧妍.“‘土樓公舍’低收入者住得起的屋子”.深圳晶報. 2009.02:C6
鐘和晏.“都市里的土樓實踐”.三聯生活周刊. 2009.02:132-134
王輝.“建筑師茶會”.建筑創作(副刊).2009.02
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Ciuffi, V. “La casa deiguardiani, deiportieri e delledomestiche” in Abitare.2009
田小磊.“廣州土樓公舍的文化爭議-公共住宅的實驗與反思”.鳳凰周刊. 2008.12:82-84
“向公民建筑致敬-中國建筑傳媒獎頒獎特刊 居住建筑特別獎–土樓公舍”.南方都市報.2008.12:A06-07
陸彥.“專訪廣州新土樓建筑師:‘低收入人群也有生存的尊嚴’”.外灘畫報. 2008.11:B38-B40
都市實踐.“土樓公舍”. T+A第6期. 2008.11:48-57
梁智儀.“一場價廉物美的實驗現代土樓住宅”.明報周刊. 2008.11:32-35
【美國《紐約時報》】中國“土樓”式廉租住宅建筑問世.參考消息.2008.10
Nicolai Ouroussoff. In Modern China, ‘Little Kingdoms’ for the People. The New York Times. Oct 13, 2008
阮慶岳.“中國建筑風火輪”.IE家飾.2008(3): 64-73
何文琦.“土樓公舍”引起國際設計界關注”.深圳商報. 2008.03:C3
 “都市實踐:城市有責任, 為人們提供更好的公共空間”.建筑與文化. 2008.01: 54-57
“土樓公舍:關于中國城市低收入住宅模式探索”.建筑與文化. 2008.01:42-47
劉曉都,孟巖,王輝.“城市填空:一項給‘城市空墟’重注活力的計劃”. W+A. 2007.06:16-83
紀錄片“《真相》:我們的家園” 第一集 匠心 . CCTV官網. 2017.02.20